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The following lists a selection of books and papers that are directly relevant to Historical GIS. Publications in the field are growing rapidly but are widely distributed across the literature. We would very much welcome suggestions of additional material. Please submit them to Ian Gregory.

Books on HGIS
Special editions of journals related to HGIS
Books that make extensive use of HGIS
Journal articles, book chapters and other papers
Newspaper articles

Books on HGIS:

Gregory I.N. and Geddes A. (2014, eds.) Toward Spatial Humanities: Historical GIS and Spatial History. Indiana University Press: Bloomington.

Von Lünen A. and Travis C. (2013, eds.) History & GIS: Epistemologies, Considerations and Reflections. Springer: Dordrecht. See Knowles (2013) for a review of this (full reference below).

Dear M., Ketchum J., Luria S. and Richardson D. (2011, eds.) GeoHumanities: Art, history, text at the edge of place. Routledge: London

Bodenhamer D.J., Corrigan J. and Harris T.M. (2010, eds.) The Spatial Humanities: GIS and the future of humanities scholarship. Indiana University Press: Bloomington.

Boonstra O. and Schuurman A. (2009, eds.) Tijd en Ruimte: Nieuwe toepassingen van GIS in de alfawetenschappen. DANS: Utrecht. The English translation of the title is: Time and Space: New applications of GIS in the humanities.

Knowles A.K. (2008, ed.) Placing History: How GIS is changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands CA. Digital supplement edited by A. Hillier.

Gregory I.N. and Ell P.S. (2007) Historical GIS: Techniques, methodologies and scholarship. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Gregory I.N. (2003) A Place in History: A guide to using GIS in historical research. Oxbow: Oxford. The second edition of this is available online at: http://www.ccsr.ac.uk/methods/publications/ig-gis.pdf, the first edition is available from http://hds.essex.ac.uk/g2gp/gis/index.asp

Knowles A.K. (2002, ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA

Ott T. and Swiaczny F. (2001) Time-Integrative Geographic Information Systems: Management and analysis of spatio-temporal data. Springer Verlag: Berlin

Goerke M. (1994, ed.) Coordinates for Historical Maps. Max-Planck-Institut fur Geschichte: Gottinge

Special editions of journals related to HGIS:

Social Science History, vol. 35(4), 2011. Special Edition on “Historical GIS and the study of urban history.” Edited by D.A. DeBats and I.N. Gregory.

Journal of Interdisciplinary History , vol. 42(1), 2011. Special Edition on “Railways, population and Geographical Information Systems.” Edited by J. Marti Henneberg.

Social Science History, vol. 34(2), 2010. Has a special section on “Railways and political economy in Britain, France, and the United States, 1840-1950.”

International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, vol. 3(1-2), 2009. Not a special issue but largely devoted to HGIS. Includes a forum on “Is GIS changing historical scholarship?”

Social Science Computer Review, vol. 27(3), 2009. Edited by T.J. Bailey and J.B.M. Schick.

Historical Geography, vol. 33, 2005. Edited by A.K. Knowles.

History and Computing, vol. 13(1), 2001. Edited by P.S. Ell and I.N. Gregory.

Social Science History, vol. 24(3), 2000. Edited by A.K. Knowles.

In a recent call on Future Research in the Social, Behavioural and Economic Sciences (SBE2020) the US National Science Foundation received five White Papers relevent to HGIS. These were:

Although not a journal in the traditional sense, the presentations from nine speakers at “Virtual Cities/Digital Histories: A virtual symposium”are all available online. These include the presenters’ audio, Powerpoint slides, and ‘live’ demos which are available under the “recordings” tab.

Books that make extensive use of HGIS:

Campbell B.M.S. (2000) English Seigniorial Agriculture 1250-1450. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge

Campbell B.M.S. and Bartley K. (2006) England on the Eve of the Black Death: An atlas of lay lordship, land and wealth, 1300-49. Manchester University Press: Manchester

Cunfer G. (2005) On the Great Plains: Agriculture and environment. Texas A&M University Press: College Station

Dear M., Ketchum J., Luria S. and Richardson D. (2011, eds.) GeoHumanities: Art, history, text at the edige of place. Routledge: New York. Reviewed by Stanley Fish in the New York Times.

Donahue B. (2004) The Great Meadow: Farmers and the land in colonial Concord. University of Yale Press, New Haven

Gordon C. (2008) Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the fate of the American city. University of Pennsylvania Press: Philadelphia

Gregory I.N., Cunningham N.A., Lloyd C.D., Shuttleworth I.G. and Ell P.S. (2013) Troubled Geographies: A spatial history of religion and society in Ireland. Indiana University Press: Bloomington

Kennedy L., Ell P.S., Crawford E.M. and Clarkson L.A. (1999) Mapping the Great Irish Famine: A survey of the Famine decades. Four Courts Press: Dublin

Knowles A.K. (2013) Mastering Iron: The struggle to modernize an American industry. University of Chicago Press: Chicago

Lowerre A. (2005) Placing Castles in the Conquest: Landscape, lordship and local politics in the South-Eastern Midlands, 1066-1100. (British Archaeological Reports, British Series) John and Erica Hedges: Oxford

Pinol J.-L. and Garden M. (2009) Atlas des Parisiens: De la révolution à nos jours. Parigramme: Paris

Spence C. (2000) London in the 1690s: A social atlas. Centre for Metropolitan History, Institute of Historical Research: London

Stanger-Ross J. (2010) Staying Italian: Urban Change and Ethnic Life in Postwar Toronto and Philadelphia. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Wachowicz M. (1999) Object-Orientated Design for Temporal GIS. Taylor & Francis: London

Woods R. and Shelton N. (1997) An Alas of Victorian Mortality. Liverpool University Press: Liverpool

Yano K., Nakaya T. and Isoda Y. (2007, eds.) Virtual Kyoto: Exploring the past, present and future of Kyoto. Nakanishiya Shuppan: Kyoto. English translators: Brown P. (ed.) and Savas M.

Journal articles, book chapters and other papers:

Al-Taha K.K., Snodgrass R.T. and Soo M.D. (1994) “Bibliography on spatio-temporal databases” International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 8, pp. 95-103

Andrienko G. and Andrienko N. (2001) “Exploring spatial data with dominant attribute map and parallel coordinates” Computers Environment and Urban Systems, 25, pp. 5-15

Arakawa F. and Nicholson C. (2010) “Prehistoric resource procurement in the central Mesa Verde region: A study of human mobility and social interactions using GIS” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 3, pp. 85-100

Atkins P. and Mitchell G. (1996) “Yesterday’s and today’s data” GIS Europe, 5, pp. 24-26

Atack J., Bateman F., Haines M., and Margo R.A. (2010) “Did railroads induce or follow economic growth?: Urbanization and population growth in the American Midwest, 1850-1860” Social Science History, 34, pp. 229-255

Ayhan I. and Cubukcu K.M. (2010) “Explaining historical development using the locations of mosques: A GIS/spatial statistics-based approach” Applied Geography, 30, pp. 229-238

Bartley K. and Campbell B. (1997) “Inquisitiones Post Mortem, GIS, and the creation of a land-use map of Medieval England” Transactions in GIS, 2, pp. 333-346

Berman M.L. (2005) “Boundaries or networks in historical GIS: Concepts of measuring space and administrative geography in Chinese history” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 118-133

Beveridge A.A. (2002) “Immigration, ethnicity and race in metropolitan New York, 1900-2000” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 65-78

Bigler W. (2005) “Using GIS to investigate fine-scale spatial patterns in historical American Indian agriculture” Historical Geography, 33, pp.14-32

Block W. and Thomas W. (2003) “Implementing the Data Documentation Initiative at the Minnesota Population Center” Historical Methods, 36, pp. 97-101

Boeckel M.A. and Otterstrom S.M. (2009) “From wilderness to megalopolis: A comparative analysis of county level sex ratios in the United States from 1790 to 1910 using a Historical GIS” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 297-312

Bol P.K. (2008) “Creating a GIS for the history of China ” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 27-60

Bol P. and Ge J. (2005) “China Historical GIS” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 150-152

Bodenhamer D.J. (2007) “Creating a landscape of memory: The potential of humanities GIS ” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 1, pp. 85-96

Bodenhamer D.J. (2008) “History and GIS: Implications for the discipline ” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 219-234

Brown P.C. (2005) “Corporate land tenure in nineteenth century Japan: A GIS assessment ” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 99-117

Buckland M. and Lancaster L. (2004) “Combining place, time, and topic” D-Lib Magazine, 10 (5), see http://www.dlib.org.

Campos R.M., Congdon P., Curtis S.E., Gregory I.N., Jones I.R. and Southall H.R. (2004) “Locality level mortality and socio-economic change in Britain since 1920: First steps towards analysis of infant mortality variation.” In Boyle P., Curtis S.E., Graham E., and Moore E. (eds.) The Geography of Health Inequalities in the Developed World. Ashgate: Aldershot. pp. 53-75

Carter E.M. (2008) “Malaria, Landscape, and Society in Northwest Argentina in the Early Twentieth Century.” Journal of Latin American Geography, 7, pp. 7-38

Churchill R. and Hillier A. (2008) “Teaching with GIS ” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 61-94

Congdon P., Campos R.M., Curtis S.E., Southall H.R., Gregory I.N., and Jones I.R. (2001) “Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s” International Journal of Population Geography, 7, pp. 35-51

Cunfer G. (2002) “Causes of the Dust Bowl” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 93-104

DeBats D.A. (2008) “Tale of Two Cities: Using Tax Records to Develop GIS Files for Mapping and Understanding Nineteenth-Century U.S. Cities” Historical Methods, 41, pp. 17-38

DeBats D.A. (2009) “Using GIS and individual-level data for whole communities: A path toward the reconciliation of political and social history” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 313-330

DeBats D.A. and Lethbridge M. (2005) “GIS and the city: Nineteenth-century residential patterns” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 78-98

DeBats D.A. (2011) “Political consequences of spatial organization: Contrasting patterns in two nineteenth-century small cities ” Social Science History, 35, pp. 505-542

De Moor M. and Wiedemann T. (2001) “Reconstructing Belgian territorial units and hierarchies: An example from Belgium” History and Computing, 13, pp. 71-97

Diamond E. and Bodenhamer D. (2001) “Investigating white-flight in Indianapolis: A GIS approach” History and Computing, 13, pp. 25-44

Dobbs G.R. (2009) “Backcountry settlement development and Indian trails: A GIS land-grant analysis” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 331-347

Doorn P. (2005) “A spatial turn in history” GIM International, 19(4), see http://www.gim-international.com/issues/articles/id453-A_Spatial_Turn_in_History.html.

Dorling D., Mitchell R., Shaw M., Orford S., Davey Smith G. (2000) “The ghost of Christmas past: health effects of poverty in London in 1896 and 1991” British Medical Journal, 321, pp.1547-1551

Ekamper P. (2010) “Using cadastral maps in historical demographic research: some examples from the Netherlands” The History of the Family, 15, pp. 1-12

Ell P.S. and Gregory I.N. (2005) “Demography, depopulation and devastation: Exploring the geography of Irish Potato Famine” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 54-78

Fitch C.A. and Ruggles S. (2003) “Building the National Historical Geographic Information System” Historical Methods, 36, 41-51

Fitzjohn M. (2009) “The use of GIS in landscape heritage and attitudes to place: Digital deep maps” in Sørensen M.L.S and Carman J. (eds.) Heritage Studies: Methods and approaches. Routledge: London, pp. 237-252

Fleming R. and Lowerre A. (2004) “MacDomesday Book” Past and Present, 184, pp. 209-232

Fyfe D.A. and Holdsworth D.W. (2009) “Signatures of commerce in small-town hotel guest registers” Social Science History, 33, pp. 17-45

Fyfe D.A., Holdsworth D.W. and Weaver C. (2009) “Historical GIS and visualization: Insights from three hotel guest registers in Central Pennsylvania, 1888-1897” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 348-362

Gilliland J. and Olson S. (2010) “Residential segregation in the industrialising city: A closer look” Urban Geography, 31, pp. 29-58

Gilliland J.A., Olson S.H. and Gauvreau D. (2011) “Did segregation increase as the city expanded? The case of Montreal, 1881-1901” Social Science History, 35, pp. 465-504

Goodchild M.F. (2008) “Combining space and time: New potential for temporal GIS” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 179-198

Gong G. and Tiller J. (2009) “Exploring vegetation patterns along an undefined boundary: Eastern Harrison County, Texas, late spring, 1838” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 363-379

Gordon C. (2011) “Lost in space, or confessions of an accidental geographer” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 5, pp. 1-23

Gregory I.N. (2000) “Longitudinal analysis of age and gender specific migration patterns in England and Wales: a GIS-based approach” Social Science History, 24, pp. 471-503

Gregory I.N. (2002) “Time variant databases of changing historical administrative boundaries: a European comparison” Transactions in GIS, 6, pp. 161-178

Gregory I.N. (2002) “The accuracy of areal interpolation techniques: Standardising 19th and 20th century census data to allow long-term comparisons” Computers Environment and Urban Systems, 26, pp. 293-314

Gregory I.N. (2005) “The Great Britain Historical GIS” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 132-134

Gregory I.N. (2008) “'A map is just a bad graph': Why spatial statistics are important in historical GIS ” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 151-178

Gregory I.N. (2008) “Different places, different stories: Infant mortality decline in England & Wales, 1851-1911” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 98, pp. 773-794

Gregory I.N. (2009) “Comparisons between the geographies of mortality and deprivation from the 1900s to 2001: spatial analysis of census and mortality statistics” British Medical Journal, 339: b3454, pp. 676-679

Gregory I.N. and Cooper D. (2010) “Thomas Gray, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Geographical Information Systems ” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 3, pp. 61-84

Gregory I.N. and Ell P.S. (2005) “Breaking the boundaries: Integrating 200 years of the Census using GIS” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, 168, pp. 419-437

Gregory I.N. and Ell P.S. (2005) “Analysing spatio-temporal change using national historical GISs: Population change during and after the Great Irish Famine” Historical Methods, 38, pp. 149-167

Gregory I.N. and Ell P.S. (2006) “Error sensitive historical GIS: identifying areal interpolation errors in time-series data” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 20, pp. 135-152

Gregory I.N. and Healey R.G. (2007) “Historical GIS: Structuring, mapping and analysing geographies of the past” Progress in Human Geography, 31, pp. 638-653

Gregory I.N. and Marti Henneberg J. (2010) “The railways, urbanization, and local demography in England and Wales, 1825-1911 ” Social Science History, 34, pp. 199-228

Gregory I.N. and Southall H.R. (1998) “Putting the past in its place: The Great Britain Historical GIS” in Carver S. (ed.) Innovations in GIS 5. Taylor & Francis: London: pp. 210-221

Gregory I.N. and Southall H.R. (2000) “Spatial frameworks for historical censuses – the Great Britain Historical GIS” in Hall P.K., McCaa R. and Thorvaldsen D. (eds.) Handbook of Historical Microdata for Population Research. Minnesota Population Center: Minneapolis, pp. 319-333

Gregory I.N., Bennett C., Gilham V.L. and Southall H.R. (2002) “The Great Britain Historical GIS: From maps to changing human geography” The Cartographic Journal, 39, pp. 37-49

Gregory I.N., Kemp K.K. and Mostern R. (2001) “Geographic Information and historical research: Current progress and future directions” History and Computing, 13, pp. 7-21

Gregory I.N., Dorling D. and Southall H.R. (2001) “A century of inequality in England and Wales using standardised geographical units” Area, 33, pp. 297-311

Groote P.D., Elhorst J.P. and Tassenaar P.G. (2009) “Standard of living effects due to infrastructure improvements in the 19th century” Social Science Computer Review, 27. pp. 380-389

Harris T. (2002) “GIS in archaeology” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 131-143

Healey R.G. and Delve J. (2007) “Integrating GIS and data warehousing in a web environment: A case study of the US 1880 census” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 21, pp. 603-624

Healey R.G. and Stamp T.R. (2000) “Historical GIS as a foundation for the analysis of regional economic growth: theoretical, methodological, and practical issues” Social Science History, 24, pp. 575-612

Hill L.L. and Janee G. (2004) “The Alexandria Digital Library Project: Metadata development and use” in Hillmann D.I. and Westbrooks E.L. (eds.) Metadata in Practice. American Library Association: Chicago, pp. 117-138.

Hillier A.E. (2002) “Redlining in Philadelphia.” in Knowles, A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI: Redlands, CA, pp. 79-93

Hillier A.E. (2003) “Spatial analysis of historical redlining: A methodological exploration” Journal of Housing Research, 14, pp. 137-167

Hillier A. (2010) “Invitation to Mapping: How GIS Can Facilitate New Discoveries in Urban and Planning History” Journal of Planning History, 9, pp. 122-134

Holdsworth D.W. (2002) “Historical geography: The ancients and the moderns – generational vitality” Progress in Human Geography, 26, pp. 671-678

Holdsworth D.W. (2003) “Historical geography: New ways of imaging and seeing the past” Progress in Human Geography, 27, pp. 486-493

Novak M.J. and Gilliland J.A. “Trading places: A historical geography of retailing in London, Canada” Social Science History, 35, pp. 543-570

Hunter R. (2010) “Methodologies for reconstructing a pastoral landscape: Land grants in sixteenth-century New Spain” Historical Methods, 43, pp. 1-13

Isoda Y., Tsukamoto A., Kosaka Y., Okumura T., Sawai M., Yano K., Nakata S. and Tanaka S. (2010) “Reconstruction of Kyoto of the Edo era based on arts and historical documents: 3D urban model based on historical GIS data” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 3, pp. 21-38

Knowles A.K. (2000) “Introduction” Social Science History, 24, pp. 451-470

Knowles A.K. (2002) “Introducing historical GIS” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. xi-xx

Knowles A.K. (2005) “Emerging trends in historical GIS” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 7-13

Knowles A.K. (2005, ed.) “Reports on National Historical GIS projects” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 293-314

Knowles A.K. (2008) “GIS and history” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 1-26

Knowles A.K. (2013) “The contested nature of historical GIS” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 28, pp. 206-211

Knowles A.K. with Rousch W., Abshere C., Farrell L., Feinberg A., Humber T., Kuzzy G. and Wirene C. (2008) “What could Lee see at Gettysburg” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 235-266

Knowles A.K. and Healey R.G. (2006) “Geography, timing, and technology: A GIS-based analysis of Pennsylvania’s iron industry, 1825-1875” Journal of Economic History, 66, pp. 608-634

Kunz A. (2007) “Fusing time and space: The Historical Information System HGIS Germany” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 1, pp. 111-122

Lancaster L. and Bodenhamer D. (2002) “The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative and the North American Religion Atlas” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 163-178

Larson R.R. (2003) “Placing cultural events and documents in space and time” in Duckham M., Goodchild M.F. and Worboys M.F. (eds.) Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Taylor & Francis: London, pp. 223-239

Levin N. (2006) “The Palestine Exploration Fund map (1871–1877) of the Holy Land as a tool for analysing landscape changes: The coastal dunes of Israel as a case study” The Cartographic Journal, 43, pp. 45-67

Levin N., Elron E. and Gasith A. (2009) “Decline of wetland ecosystems in the coastal plain of Israel during the 20th century: Implications for wetland conservation and management” Landscape and Urban Planning, 92, pp. 220-232

Levin N., Kark R. and Galilee E. (2009) “Maps and the settlement of southern Palestine, 1799–1948: An historical/GIS analysis” Journal of Historical Geography, 30, pp. 1-21

Lilley K.D. (2011) “Digital cathographies and medieval geographies” in Daniels S., DeLyser D., Entrikin J.N. and Richardson D. (eds.) Envisioning Landscapes, Making Worlds: Geography and the humanities. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 25-33

Lilley K., Lloyd C., Trick S. and Graham C. (2005) “Mapping and analyzing medieval built form using GPS and GIS” Urban Morphology, 9, pp. 5-15

Lilley K., Lloyd, C. and Trick S. (2005) “Mapping medieval urban landscapes: The design and planning of Edward I’s new towns of England and Wales” Antiquity, 79 (303). See http://www.antiquity.ac.uk.

Lloyd C.D. and Lilley K.D. (2009) “Cartographic veracity in medieval mapping: analyzing geographical variation in the Gough Map of Great Britain” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 99, pp. 27-48

Longley P.A., Webber R. and Lloyd D. (2007) “The quantitative analysis of family names: Historic migration and the present day neighbourhood structure of Middlesborough, United Kingdom” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97, pp. 31-48

Lowerre A.G. (2007) “Why here and not there? The location of early Norman castles in the South-Eastern Midlands” Anglo-Norman Studies, 29, pp. 121-4

Lowerre A. (2008) “Mapping Domesday Book using GIS” Research News, 8, pp. 3-7 (available from http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/research-news-08)

MacDonald B.M. and Black F.A. (2000) “Using GIS for spatial and temporal analysis in print culture studies: some opportunities and challenges” Social Science History, 24, pp. 505-536

Madry S.L.H. and Crumley C.L. (1990) “An application of remote sensing and GIS in a regional archaeological settlement analysis: The Arroux River Valley, Burgundy, France” in Allen K.M.S., Green S.W. and Zubrow E.B.W. (eds.) Interpreting Space: GIS and archaeology. Taylor and Francis: London, pp. 364-381

McMaster R.B. and Noble P. (2005) “The U.S. National Historical Geographical Information System” Historical Geography, 33, pp. 134-136

Miller D. and Modell J. (1988) “Teaching United States history with the Great American History Machine” Historical Methods, 21, pp. 121-134

Morel-EdnieBrown F. (2009) Layered landscape: The swamps of colonial Northbridge Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 390-419

Mostern R. (2008) “Historical Gazetteers: An Experiential Perspective, with Examples from Chinese History” Historical Methods, 21, pp. 39-46

Mostern, R. and Johnson, I. (2008) “From named place to naming event: creating gazetteers for history” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 22, pp. 1091- 1108

Norman P., Gregory I., Dorling D. and Baker A. (2008) “Geographical trends in infant mortality in England and Wales, 1971-2006” Health Statistics Quarterly, 40, pp. 18-29

Orford S., Dorling D., Mitchell R., Shaw M., and Davey Smith G. (2002) “Life and death of the people of London: A historical GIS of Charles Booth's inquiry” Health and Place, 8, pp. 25-35

Owens J.B. and Woodworth-Ney L. (2005) “Envisioning a master’s degree program in geographically-integrated history” Journal of the Association of History and Computing, Vol. 8(2). See: http://mcel.pacificu.edu/jahc/2005/issue2/articles/owenswoodworth.php

Owen J.B. (2007) “Toward a geographically-integrated, connected world history: Employing Geographic Information Systems (GIS)” History Compass, 5/6, pp. 2014-2040

O'Kelly M.E. (2007) “The impact of accessibility change on the geography of crop production: A reexamination of the Illinois and Michigan Canal using GIS”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97, pp. 49-63

Pearson A.W. and Collier P. (1998) “The integration and analysis of historical and environmental data using a Geographical Information System: Landownership and agricultural productivity in Pembrokeshire c. 1850” Agricultural History Review, 46, pp. 162-176

Pearson A.W. and Collier P. (2002) “Agricultural history with GIS” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press, pp. 105-116

Plewe B. (2002) “The nature of uncertainty in historical Geographical Information” Transactions in GIS, 6, pp. 431-456

Ray B.C. (2002) “Teaching the Salem witchcraft trials” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 19-33

Raymond A. (2011) “Denny regrade, 1893-2008: A case study in Historical GIS” Social Science History, 35, pp. 571-597

Rumsey D. and Williams M. (2002) “Historical maps in GIS” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA: pp. 1-18

Ryavec K.E. (2004) Manchu Empire or China Historical GIS? Re-Mapping the China/Inner Asia Frontier in the Qing Period CHGIS  Inner Asia, 6, pp.179-195.

Schaefer M. (2004) “Design and implementation of a proposed standard for digital storage and internet-based retrieval of data from the Tithe Survey of England and Wales” Historical Methods, 37, pp. 61-72

Schlichting K., Tuckel P. and Maisel R. (2006) “Residential segregation and the beginning of the Great Migration of African American to Hartford, Connecticut: A GIS-based analysis” Historical Methods, 39, pp. 132-143.

Schlichting K. (2008) “Historical GIS: New ways of doing history” Historical Methods, 41, 191-196

Schroeder J.P. (2007) “Target-density weighting interpolation and uncertainty evaluation for temporal analysis of census data” Geographical Analysis, 39, 311-335

Schuppert C. and Dix A. (2009) “Reconstructing former features of the cultural landscape eear early Celtic princely seats in Southern Germany: A GIS-based application of large-dcale historical maps and archival sources as a contribution to archaeological research” Social Science Computer Review, 27, pp. 420-436

Schwartz R.M. “Rail transport, agrarian crisis, and the restructuring of agriculture: France and Great Britain confront globalisation” Social Science History, 34, pp. 229-255

Sheehan-Dean A.C. (2002) “Similarity and difference in the Antebellum North and South” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Past Time, Past Place: GIS for history. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 35-50

Siebert L. (2000) “Using GIS to document, visualize, and interpret Tokyo’s spatial history” Social Science History, 24, 537-574

Silveria L.E. (2014) “Geographic Information Systems and Historical Research: An appraisal” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 8, 28-45

Skinner G.W., Henderson M. and Jianhua Y. (2000) “China’s fertility transition through regional space” Social Science History, 24, pp. 613-652.

Smith D.M., Crane G. and Rydberg-Cox, J. (2000) “The Perseus Project: A digital library for the humanities” Literary and Linguistic Computing, 15, pp. 15-25

Southall H.R. (2006) “A Vision of Britain through Time: Making sense of 200 years of census reports” Local Population Studies, 76, pp. 76-84

Spence C. (2000) “Computers, maps and metropolitan London in the 1690s” in Woollard M. (ed.) New Windows on London’s Past: Information technology and the transformation of Metropolitan history. Association for History and Computing: Glasgow, pp. 25-46

Stanger-Ross J. (2006) “An Inviting Parish: Community without Locality in Postwar Italian Toronto” Canadian Historical Review, 87, pp. 381-407

Stanger-Ross J. (2006) “Neither Fight nor Flight: Urban Synagogues in Postwar Philadelphia” Journal of Urban History, 32, pp. 791-812

Talbert R.J.A. and Elliot T. (2008) “New windows on the Peutinger Map of the Roman World” in Knowles A.K. (ed.) Placing History: How maps, spatial data, and GIS are changing historical scholarship. ESRI Press: Redlands, CA, pp. 199-218

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Tsukamoto A. (2010) “Unfolding the landscape drawing method of Rakuchu Rakugai Zu screen paintings in a GIS environment” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 3, pp. 39-60

Tuckel P.,Schlichting K., and Maisel R. (2007) “Social, economic, and residential diversity within Hartford’s African American community at the beginning of the Great Migration” Journal of Black Studies, 37, pp. 710-736.

VandeCreek D.E. (2010) “Digital history and the public: Envisioning the Mississippi Valley of the nineteenth century” International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 3, pp. 123-136

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Vrana R. (1989) “Historical data as an explicit component of land information systems” International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 3, pp. 33-49.

Vrana R. (1990) “Historical data as an explicit component of land information systems” in Peuquet D.J. and Marble D.F. (eds.) Introductory Readings in Geographical Information Systems. Taylor & Francis: London, pp. 286-302

Walford N. (2005) “Connecting historical and contemporary small-area geography in Britain: The creation of digital boundary data for 1971 and 1981 census units” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 19, pp. 749-767

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Yano K., Isoda Y., Nakaya T., Kawasumi T., Matsuoka K., Takase Y., Kawahara D.,
Kawahara N., Inoue M., Tsukamoto A. and Kirimura T. (2006) “Creating Virtual time-space of Kyoto” E-journal GEO, 1, pp.12-21

Yano K., Nakaya T., Isoda Y., Takase Y., Kawasumi T., Matsuoka K., Seto T., Kawahara D., Tsukamoto A., Inoue M. and Kirimura T. (2008) “Virtual Kyoto: 4D-GIS comprising spatial and temporal dimensions” Journal of Geography, 117, 464-478.

Newspapers:

New York Times (27th July 2011) “Humanities 2.0: Digital maps are giving scholars the historical lay of the land” by P. Cohen

New York Times (13th June 2011) “The triumph of the humanities” by S. Fish

(c) Ian Gregory, 2007
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